Common cat diseases
Cats are prone to a number of specific diseases, each of them has its own distinctive symptoms. Knowing what your cat is worried about and why, you can choose the right treatment.
Consider the popular cat diseases:
Acute Respiratory Disease
The most contagious respiratory tract infections are feline calcivirus and feline herpes. These viruses are transmitted through food, water, or through sneezing. Secondary bacterial infections can develop along with viruses. Symptoms of ARI include runny nose, nasal discharge, fever, loss of appetite, and shortness of breath. During treatment, it is necessary to limit contact with other animals, give the cat antibiotics and more fluid.
Gum disease (gingivitis)
Gingivitis is an early stage of periodontal disease – the most common feline disease. Gingivitis is caused by plaque, which, over time, darkens and becomes tartar. Gingival redness, bad breath, excessive salivation and lack of appetite are the first signs of gingivitis. If such a diagnosis has been made, the cat’s teeth should be professionally cleaned. Next, you need to brush your cat’s teeth daily with special toothpaste. Good oral hygiene is the best way to combat gingivitis. As directed by the veterinarian, antibiotic therapy may be needed to treat gingivitis.
Even without leaving the house, cats can acquire worms, for example, by contact with food contaminated by insects, rodents or birds. Roundworms penetrate the intestines and from there can penetrate with blood into other organs of the animal. Infection with worms is indicated by bloating, diarrhea, lack of appetite, and finally, their presence in feces and vomiting. If the animal is affected by worms, it will constantly lose weight and suffer from mild diarrhea. If worms are detected in a cat, consult a veterinarian and he will prescribe the necessary drugs to remove the worms.
The kidneys are the weak point of all domestic cats. Unfortunately, cat kidney problems are difficult to treat, and some are completely incurable. Experts are inclined to believe that the cause of kidney disease in cats is poor nutrition. These disorders come gradually, cats may not show any signs for many years. Such damage is usually irreversible. Strong thirst, frequent urination, excessive salivation, weight loss and bad breath are some of the first signs of kidney disease.